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ChatGPT & AI

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Artificial intelligence is the theory and development of computer systems that are able to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and translation between languages. Artificial intelligence makes it possible for machines to learn from experience, adjust to new inputs, and perform human-like tasks.

From: www.sciencedirect.com/topics/social-sciences/artificial-intelligence

AI is not new to education, tools such as MS Word, Urkund and Grammarly use AI for grammar correction, spelling, alternative phrasing, etc.

Advice to Students

You should not make use of AI in the production of any work for assessment without first discussing this with your lecturer. Your lecturer may ask you not to use this technology, and explain why, and you should respect this position.

There is a huge amount of development of such tools across the world, without any effective regulation. The development and adoption of such tools has major implications for all aspects of higher education and other aspects of life, such as employment and social and political trends.

ATU, like all other higher education bodies across the world, is assessing this rapidly developing field and its implications for learning, teaching and assessment. A new Academic Integrity Policy is being developed for ATU and will be in place for the next academic year.

AI Chatbots... and more

Generative Pre-trained Transformers (GPT) are a family of language models that are trained on a enormous amount of text data to generate human-like text.

Google Bard

Google Bard is Google’s response to ChatGPT; t's a conversational generative artificial intelligence chatbot.

DALL-E

DALL-E is an AI system that can generate images from text descriptions.

ChatGPT

ChatGPT is an artificial intelligence (AI) chatbot.

ChatGPT is a natural language processing model introduced by San Francisco-based company OpenAI in November 2022, that produces convincing and engaging conversations based on your input. 

ChatGPT can complete an array of tasks like answering research questions, language translation, writing songs, and generating computer code. With its remarkable abilities, ChatGPT has rapidly become a popular tool for various applications, from chatbots to content creation.

 

Can I trust that it's telling me the truth?

  • Limited knowledge: ChatGPT is not able to access all of the knowledge that humans have and it has limited knowledge of the world and events after 2021.
  • Lack of common sense: ChatGPT has been trained on a huge amount of text data, but it lacks the ability to understand and apply common sense understanding to a situation.
  • Limitation in understanding context: ChatGPT can generate logical and confident responses, but it may not always entirely understand the context or purpose of the persons input.
  • Potential biases in reponses: ChatGPT has been trained on a substantial dataset of text from the internet, which may have biases. This might lead to the model reproducing and expanding those biases in its responses.
  • Lack of accountability: ChatGPT is a machine learning model and not a human, so it can make mistakes or generate incorrect responses. There is no way to hold the model accountable for its responses.
  • Limited to text-based interface: ChatGPT is a language model and its capabilities are limited to text-based interactions. It does not have the ability to understand or interpret non-textual inputs such as images or audio.

ChatGPT and Academic Integrity

The introduction of ChatGPT has raised academic integrity issues and concerns.

Some of the key concerns are related to the ways in which ChatGPT can be used to abuse academic and research integrity by submitting essays, projects, etc. that are not their own (plagiarism). There are also concerns about the possible negative impact on students’ critical thinking skills.

Privacy

There are privacy concerns around the data that models like ChatGPT swallow from the internet and from users, and even problems with the models slandering or libelling people.

No one was asked whether OpenAI could use our data; this is a clear violation of privacy.

Further Reading

Cotton, D.R., Cotton, P.A. and Shipway, J.R., 2023. Chatting and cheating: Ensuring academic integrity in the era of ChatGPT. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, pp.1-12.

Gao, C.A., Howard, F.M., Markov, N.S., Dyer, E.C., Ramesh, S., Luo, Y. and Pearson, A.T., 2022. Comparing scientific abstracts generated by ChatGPT to original abstracts using an artificial intelligence output detector, plagiarism detector, and blinded human reviewers. bioRxiv, pp.2022-12.

Lund, B.D. and Wang, T., 2023. Chatting about ChatGPT: how may AI and GPT impact academia and libraries?. Library Hi Tech News, 40(3), pp.26-29.

National Academic Integrity Network, 2023. Guidelines for Educators on Generative Artificial Intelligence. NAIM. 

UNESCO, Sabzalieva, E. and Valentini, A., 2023. ChatGPT and artificial intelligence in higher education: quick start guide

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