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Harvard Style

This guide shows how to use the Harvard style of referencing


To paraphrase is to communicate the author’s work in your own words and to acknowledge the source:

  • Used to rewrite text in your own words
  • Used to clarify meaning
  • Used to shorten a longer statement, but keep the main ideas
  • Giving credit to the original author of the idea



Elements of a good paraphrase:

  • Change the structure of the original passage
  • Change the words
  • Give a citation / reference


To summarise is to describe broadly the findings of a study without directly quoting from it. Summarising involves repeating the main ideas of a passage in your own words.  A summary concentrates on the important points rather than the details.