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Harvard Style

This guide shows how to use the Harvard style of referencing

A citation is a reference to the source of information used in your research.


Any time you directly quote, paraphrase or summarise the essential elements of someone else's ideas in your work, an in-text citation should follow. An in-text citation is a brief notation within the text of your assignment which refers the reader to a fuller reference at the end of the document that provides all necessary details about that source of information.


Generally, using the Harvard style requires the name of the author(s) and the year of publication (with no punctuation between the two items) plus page number(s), if quoting. Page numbers are preceded with ‘p.’ for a single page (e.g. p.5) and ‘pp.’ for a range of pages (e.g. pp. 5-10).  


You may refer to an author’s work by any of the following:

All of the above need a citation in the text.